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DeFi Yield Farming: You’ve seen the term everywhere. Here’s what it is.

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What is Yield Farming?

Yield Farming is essentially the act of users putting in their own funds to provide liquidity to the various DeFi protocols to “farm” the best “yield” which is in the form of native tokens for the respective protocol, thus earning additional capital.

DeFi Yield Farming – The insignia of DeFi

DeFi is an umbrella term referring to the interrelatedness of different crypto assets, Decentralized apps, smart contracts, and protocols, most of which are built on the Ethereum blockchain platform. The Decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem is one of the fastest-growing sectors that continues to attract new users and investments, with the current value within the DeFi ecosystem being close to touching $1.52 billion. 

Whereas Bitcoin allowed individuals to make transactions without the need of an intermediary, the Ethereum blockchain added another layer of programmability with the use of smart contracts. Now, the DeFi vision integrates the concept of the decentralized financial system with the offerings of traditional products but without any central authority.

Recently DeFi Pulse announced that Compound was the largest DeFi protocol because a multitude of traders are migrating to Compound to farm COMP. Compound is now the largest application in terms of the DeFi value locked into the protocol.

yield farming

Yield Farming and DeFi

Yield Farming is not a brand new concept but it surely has received a lot of attention this year. 

To those who are new to the concept of DeFi yield farming and have been hearing it mentioned quite a lot lately but still do not know what it is yet, here it is again:


Yield Farming is essentially the act of users putting in their own funds to provide liquidity to the various DeFi protocols to “farm” the best “yield” which is in the form of native tokens for the respective protocol, thus earning additional capital.


The concept of Yield farming was accelerated by Compound and the distribution of their governance token – COMP. This new surge of interest led to more than $1Billion in new capital overflow in the protocol, with other lesser-known tokens like BAT seeing a jump of 20,000% in demand as traders moved to farm COMP.

Breaking Down what Yield Farming is

Yield: Returns or earnings generated and realized on a particular investment over a specific period of time, expressed in a percentage.

Farming in the case of yield farming is more like searching, harvesting, and cultivating.

Ok so let’s take a look at yield farming.

Numerous DEXs (decentralized exchanges)and protocols are always looking for liquidity providers, to ensure a functioning and flourishing enterprise.

If you lend out your digital assets and provide liquidity to one of these DEXs, in addition to what you gain on the amount you provide in terms of liquidity, you are rewarded with tokens. This is the yield you have earned, in the form of tokens, thus acquiring additional capital.

The farming part of the term refers to picking and choosing the best rates from the various protocols, and harvesting the yield based on your work.


This year an increasing focus has been on yield farming activities which are already a part of the DeFi ecosystem with projects like Compound, Synthetix, and Balancer.

yield farming

COMP Yield Farming

Compound’s reward system has attracted the likes of many traders. Compound for the next 4 years will be rewarding a balanced allocation of its COMP token out of which 2880 are distributed daily. The attractiveness of the reward system has caught the eye of traders who have moved their assets into Compound to start Yield Farming COMP distributions. Other supportive projects like InstaDApp are helping COMP farming with its widget called ‘Maximize $COMP mining’ to enable users to get into this with just a click. 

yield farming

sUSD Yield Farming

Synthetix is a decentralized synthetic asset issuance protocol that is collateralized by the Synthetix Network token (SNX). Built on the Ethereum platform, the SNX tokens allow for the issuing of synthetic assets. In March, Synthetix initiated an incentives program for liquidity providers of sUSD which is the native stable coin of Synthetix. The campaign with a test period of 4-weeks, launched through the Curve and iearn exchange protocols, yearns to distribute 32,000 SNX tokens on a pro-rata basis to providers who stake their Curve LP tokens. This was an attractive prospect for yield farmers because you are earning interest on your stationary digital assets and liquid assets which can be sold off immediately. 

BAL Yield Farming

Balancer, an automated market maker is a scalable protocol that allows its users to generate liquidity pools made of ERC-20 tokens. Balancer, in a bid to become fully decentralized, has launched its own liquidity campaign. BAL is the governance token of Balancer with 65 million sets aside for every 100 million BAL minting for the liquidity providers. At present 145,000 BAL are being distributed to liquidity providers every week attracting traders to park their funds in Balancer pools so that they can yield farm the BAL rewards. 

Behind all this, Synthetix and Ren have created another Balancer pool for SNX and REN  in which the liquidity rewards are distributed in the form of wrapped SNX and REN. The Balancer pool also will earn BAL tokens which would be redirected to the Curve BTC liquidity stakeholders. The Curve Liquidity provider tokens CRV could also be earned through the main BTC pool which also will be going back to liquidity providers. But both BAL and CRV are not on the open market yet and once they are available, they will be distributed on a pro-rata basis. Every week providers will get wrapped SNX & REN, BAL & CRV in tandem to their Curve BTC liquidity contributions. 

Yield Farming 2020 and Onwards

Yield Farming has just started but the amount of opportunities it presents to traders to earn interest on their capital is never-ending. Its popularity is all set to skyrocket in a few months to come.

Yield Farming makes a lot of sense to users in the fact that:

1. Most all digital assets and tokens are kept on exchanges doing nothing when they could be earning interest.

2. The respective decentralized exchanges (DEXs) have spreads that are competitive and offer higher lending rates than centralized exchanges.


Yield farming is an attractive and exciting new development for both lenders and borrowers, and will definitely be getting more attention (a lot more) this year.


Check back in at DeFiRev.com to find out the latest in DeFi News and on yield farming.


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BriFitDance: Up Close and Personal with DeFiRev.com

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BriFitDance took the world and Crypto Twitter by storm with her epic and what will surely be a time capsule in bitcoin’s history. Did it spark the bitcoin Golden bull run?

If you haven’t watced the video, watch it right now:

DeFiRev.com: Tell us about your origin story and how you got to where you are today. When and how did you first learn to dance?

BriFitDance: I am originally from Ecuador. My family and I immigrated to the United States in 2009, learning and exploring the USA journey. Since I was 3 years old, I’ve been staying active by dancing, swimming, riding a bike, and running. I’ve always loved to be in the fitness field, but my passion is dancing, especially belly dancing. I am also learning to hoop dance to incorporate more dancing activities in my videos. 

DeFiRev.com : Where did you grow up and what’s your favorite type of music?

BriFiDance: I grew up in the United States as in the state of Maryland, as a teenager and as an adult. My favorite type of music is pop music. I do like all kinds of music, I think it soothes the soul, relieves stress, and lifts up the mood a great amount. 

DeFiRev.com: Do you usually come up with the lyrics to the songs first or start with the music or dance moves?

BriFitDance: I work with a video producer from MidAtlanticTV.com We start with the lyrics, then work on a beat, record my vocals with a professional recorder, practice the choreography and then perform the music video with the dance moves. 

DeFiRev.com: How did you first get into bitcoin?

BriFitDance: I got into Bitcoin in the beginning of this year, buying and holding, also accepting donations. No altcoins however.  

DeFiRev.com: What has been the video you had the most fun making so far?

BriFitDance: I had a lot of fun making the Crypto_Bitlord Tongue song because it had a few acting moves and loved performing it. 

DeFiRev.com: What has been your favorite moment in crypto history?

BriFitDance: The Bull Run since my Saylor Bitcoin Bull song. 

DeFiRev.com: When you’re not working, what do you like to do for fun? Favorite hobbies? Anything that would surprise us?

BriFitDance: I like to walk with my family and help my parents edit their videos, because they aspire to be YouTube stars as well. 

DeFiRev.com What are a few of your favorite books?  What are some that have made a long-lasting impact on you?  (Can be fiction or nonfiction)

BriFitDance: Animal Farm by George Orwell and Human Development: A Cultural Approach by Jeffrey Jensen Arnett and Lene Jensen. Animal Farm has helped me realize that with teamwork and trust, dreams and goals can be accomplished and work in the future. The Human Development book has provided me with the knowledge and information, as well as understanding the foundation and statistics of human development in all countries. I have an interest in Psychology and love this subject. I would definitely recommend others to read these.

DeFiRev.com: What are you most excited about for the future of blockchain technology and where do you see the space in 5 years?

BriFitDance: Hopefully Bitcoin will be in the hands of one billion plus users. 

DeFiRev.com: What are your personal theories of who Satoshi was or were?

BriFitDance: I have no idea. All I know is he/she/they is/are very smart! 

DeFiRev.com: At what point did it hit you that bitcoin was history in the making? 

BriFitDance: The first time I heard Michael Saylor talk about Bitcoin. 

DeFiRev.com: What advice would you give our viewers regarding blockchain, business, motivation, or life in general?

BriFitDance: Buy and HOLD Bitcoin! 


It has been a historic week for bitcoin and we at DeFiRev.com wanted to thank BriFitDance and congratulate her for being the DeFiRev.com PERSON OF THE WEEK!

brifitdance

DeFiRev.com is #1 in DeFi News. Check back in soon to find out the latest in DeFi News.


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Huobi top official arrest – Are these rumors or a reality?

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CryptoQuant, a crypto information provider, has indicated a significant increase in Bitcoin funds outflows from Huobi global. This is a development that comes when the firm has issued in public denial about rumors of an arrest of one of its executives. But as per the Chinese media, crypto exchange Huobi Chief Operating Officer (COO) Robin Zhu was under investigation by the Chinese people. 

In a tweet thread that was posted on November 2, Huobi quashed rumors about the supposed arrest of a Huobi senior executive. It came out with the clarification stating: 

“All of Huobi’s management team members have been accounted for and have not been detained or arrested,” the firm said. “We understand that the spread of false information can lead to concerns about the safety of user assets, but please rest assured your assets are safe.”

CryptoQuant mentions that the outflow increase peaked after midday on Monday. 

Source: CryptoQuant

Huobi is a global exchange with monthly trading volumes above $170 billion. It has assured its users and the media that nothing such as this has happened. It so happened that Huobi COO Zhu Jiawei was reportedly unreachable on Monday evening and immediately after that rumors were afloat in the circles that he was being arrested. All of the social media was swirling with the news with local news channels also reporting on the rumors. 

The exchange said that Zhu was on a flight returning from a conference in Guizhou and that he would be attending a meeting in Beijing on Tuesday morning.

But, the assurances of Huobi haven’t stopped users from withdrawing funds and now they are viewing themselves in the same boat as users of OKEx. In fact, many hours before it directly addressed the rumors of an arrest, Huobi tweeted that it uses a multi-signature process for withdrawals so that the users did not have to rely on a single key holder. As for the rumors, the exchange claimed that Zhu was on a business trip and would be here this week for an important meeting. Huobi said that its operations were unaffected by these unsubstantiated rumors as per an earlier statement on its Chinese website. 

Bitcoin removed from Huobi rapidly

A greater likelihood is that the rumors are false but users are not taking any chances. As said earlier, there is a mass exodus of Bitcoin with its outflows hitting 4,241 BTC which is growing rapidly. 

“Looking at Huobi Netflow, BTC outflow has soared in the last eight hours.”

In the month of June, there were rumors that Dong Zhao, the co-founder of the Chinese crypto lending platform Renrenbit apparently cooperating with the police for investigations which is now a new trend in the Chinese markets. OKEx announced in October that the founder Star Xu also has been under investigation for weeks, and following that OKEx had suspended withdrawals of crypto assets from the platform. The statement came out at least one week after he was detained by the police and users are still not able to withdraw their funds. 

Source: CoinGecko

Huobi Token price today is $3.58 with a 24-hour trading volume of $257,890,383. HT price is down -6.6% in the last 24 hours as per CoinGecko.

Rumor or reality?

Huobi is surely the largest target for Chinese authorities and watchdogs cracking down on crypto exchanges, and all this has added to the jitters of the crypto investors. As of now, there has been no evidence proving that the COO had been arrested and the company has plainly denied allegations. But nonetheless, the markets reacted.

But as far as evidence and other events surrounding it happened, the rumors have been baseless. The Bitcoin and crypto trading platform also confronted these claims in a tweet thread stating that they could share it with strong confidence that they are false. The exchange further stated that they have accounted for all of their executive team members and reassured users that all their assets are safe. 

“All of Huobi’s management team members have been accounted for and have not been detained or arrested. We understand that the spread of false information can lead to concerns about the safety of user assets, but please rest assured your assets are safe.”

DeFiRev.com is #1 in DeFi News. Check back in soon to find out the latest in DeFi News.


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Harvest Finance Hack Explained. Here’s how it happened.

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Unscrambling the Harvest Finance hack and its aftermath

Harvest Finance, the Decentralized finance protocol was hacked for a staggering $24 million. The attack was a reminder to the crypto community that DeFi has sure risen to prominence but it has its own share of loopholes, and it is this that the attackers take advantage of. 

Harvest Finance attack details

The attacker directly attacks the protocol’s liquidity pools leading the arbitrage attack using a large flash loan – a type of uncollateralized loan. The attacker later returned $2.5 million but in a mere seven-minute act, the entire hack was complete, leaving the protocol stakeholders bewildered. 

In further addition to the details of the hack, the protocol revealed that the hacker manipulated prices on one money lego which is the Curve Y pool. This was done to drain another money lego farm USDT (fUSDT), farm USDC(fUSDC) multiple times.

The attacker then converted the funds to renBTC and later excited to Bitcoin. renBTC is not synthetic because it does not rely on any liquidation mechanism and it is certainly not the price of Bitcoin on Ethereum. It is a one-to-one representation of Bitcoin on Ethereum which can be redeemed for BTC at any time and in any amount. 

harvest finance hack

The native token of Harvest Finance, FARM fell 54% to $101.79 when the news of the hack came forward. Following the attack, the amount of money that was locked in the protocol plummeted from $1 billion to $575 Million On October 25th. The investors were so fretful that they pulled their deposits back. 

Harvest Finance acted accordingly and withdrew all the funds from the shared pools almost immediately after it had completed a fine evaluation of the attack. It began with reconstructing the processes which included DAI, USDC, USDT, TUSD as well as WBTC and renBTC. The funds are currently present in the vaults safely so that they are not exposed to further market manipulation. The hack did not involve DAI, TUSD, WBTC, and renBTC, and the depositors in these vaults were not affected.

How was the hack carried out?

The mechanics of the protocol has allowed for the execution of such an attack. Let us see how:

The investment strategies used by Harvest involves calculating the real-time value of assets that are invested in the base real-time protocols. The value of the assets is then used by the vaults to calculate the number of shares to be used to the user depositing the funds. The same value of the assets is also used when the users take out funds from the vaults.

Payout is then calculated upon the user exit. What also needs to be noticed here is that the assets inside some of the vaults are deposited into shared pools of underlying DeFi protocols. These are subject to market effects such as impermanent loss, arbitrage, and slippage. This means that its value can be manipulated through larger volumes of market trades. 

The attacker knew this well and had exploited the impact of the impermanent loss of USDC and USDT inside the Y Pool of Curve.fi by manipulating the asset value to deposit funds into the vaults and obtain the shares for a beneficial price. 

The aftermath of the Harvest Finance Hack

Harvest Finance’s Twitter account has been buzzing with messages and activity. The protocol has taken full responsibility for the engineering attack and has ensured that in the future such attacks will be countered and mitigated. The protocol has made it clear that formatting a disaster management plan to assist those who are affected will be the top priority for the protocol. 

The protocol is investing its resources to catch hold of the scammers and has already provided a list of Bitcoin addresses of the hacker where it believes that the stolen funds may have moved. It also had taken immediate action by asking prominent exchanges like Binance, Coinbase, and Huobi to block the attacker’s addresses. It further said that there is:

“A significant amount of personally identifiable information on the attacker, who is well-known in the crypto community.” Not willing to dox the cyber-thief, Harvest Finance is now offering a $100,000 bounty “for the first person or team to reach out to the attacker”.

Harvest further tweeted that the $2.5 million returned by the hacker will be distributed to the affected depositors on a pro-rata basis using a snapshot. The attack on Harvest comes only six weeks after the attacker escaped with $8.1 million in Bitcoin from another DeFi protocol BZX, however, BZX managed to recover the funds. 

harvest finance hack

DeFiRev.com is #1 in DeFi News. Check back in soon to find out the latest in DeFi News.


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